TOXICITY POTENTIAL IN THE EXTRANEOUS COMPOUNDS OF WHITE MULBERRY WOOD (Morus alba)

Aida Se Golpayegani, Marie- France Thévenon, Joseph Gril, Eric Masson, Kambiz Pourtahmasi

Abstract


The health problems amongst musical instrument makers working on the White mulberry (Morusalba), lead to investigate the toxicity potential of wood extractives. Five solvents of different polarityand two methods of extractions were used to ensure a thorough, clear and classified compound removal.The compounds were identified using qualitative GC-mass and the toxicity were determined by studyingtheir effect on termite survival (Reticulitermes flavipes). The results indicated the presence of differentcompound categories like phenols, higher hydrocarbons, fatty acids, sterols and aromatic componentsin the extractives. These compounds were not removable by just one solvent and the order of removalwas polarity related. The extractives were found toxic towards termites. Resorcinol, which correspondedto the highest proportion of peaks in the GC-mass spectra, has been assigned as the possible compoundresponsible for the allergic reactions by the artisans.

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