THE EFFECT OF HEAT AND AMMONIA TREATMENT ON COLOUR RESPONSE OF OAK WOOD (Quercus robur) AND COMPARISON OF SOME PHYSICAL AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES

Petr Čermák, Aleš Dejmal

Abstract


In this paper the effect of heat and ammonia treatment on the change in colour of oak wood (Quercus robur) andcomparison of physical and mechanical properties were investigated. Wood specimens were made from heartwoodand sapwood in dimensions 30×30×30 mm3. The specimens were subjected to heat treatment at 180ºC and 230ºCfor 2 and 4 hours, others were treated by ammonia for 24 hours. After these processes, CIELAB colour, hardness,EMC, density and MOE of wood were tested in comparison with untreated samples. The results show that the heattreatment contributed to darkening of sapwood and heartwood and the total colour change increased up to 38.47units (CIELAB) in the radial direction and 37.75 units (CIELAB) in the tangential direction. Previous research intoammonia treatment shows that the most significant changes were noticed after 1 day. The colour changes betweensapwood and heartwood were more noticeable in ammonia treatment than in the case of heat treatment. All otherobserved properties were decreased in the case of heat treatment. Ammonia treatment does not have a significantinfluence on the other observed properties. The results proved that ammonia treatment is a modification that improvesthe decorative value but has a minimal effect on technologically relevant properties of solid wood. Nevertheless,the heat treatment can be used as comparable process for colour change of wood.

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