MINERAL CONTENT IN RELATION TO RADIAL POSITION, ALTITUDE, CHEMICAL PROPERTIES AND DENSITY OF PERSIAN IRONWOOD

Majid Kiaei, Behzad Kord, Ahmad Chehalmardian, Roger Moya, Mohammad Farsi

Abstract


Persian ironwood (Parrotia persica) is native species from Iran and covers 10,54% of the commercial volume. Its wood structure and its chemical composition are affected by growth conditions. The aim of the study
was to assess the variation of mineral content (Ni, Fe, Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd), wood density and chemical properties (cellulose, lignin, ash and extractive) of ironwood in relation to altitude above sea level (100, 500 and 700
meter) and pith distance within stem (near to pith and bark and middle point). In addition was investigate the relationship between mineral content with oven-dried density and chemical properties. Results showed that Cd, Cu, Fe, Ni and Zn content (except Pb concentration) increased by increasing of altitude and decreased along radial position within stem from the pith to the bark. Lignin, ash and extractive content increased by
increasing altitudes from 100 to 700 meter while cellulose decreased. Radial position had not significant impact on the chemical properties. There are significant relationships between mineral content–chemical properties and between mineral content-wood density (except Cu - density). Forward stepwise regression showed that ash and lignin content had important role on the variation of all of mineral content except on Cd.

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